What is Geography?
Geography is the study of people, their environment, and the interaction between the two. The course follows from Junior Cert Geography, and covers very similar topics (such as rocks, soils, oceans, population movements, map-reading, and economic activities) in a lot more detail. There are a large number of optional sections on the course, allowing students to focus on the sections of the course which they like.

What kind of student might Geography suit?

• Students considering further study in areas such as geography, economics, environmental science, or politics.
• Students who achieved solid results for Junior Cert Geography can expect much of the same for the Leaving Cert course.

Subject content:

Three Core Units:
1. Patterns and processes in the physical environment
2. Regional geography
3. Geographical investigation


Two Elective Units (pick one):
4. Patterns and processes in economic activities
5. Patterns and processes in the human environment


Four Optional Units (pick one; higher level only):
6. Global interdependence
7. Geoecology
8. Culture and identity
9. The Atmosphere-Ocean environment

The teaching of geographical skills is an important element of the course; students are encouraged to improve their ability to gather information (from map-reading, statistics, charts), present information (using diagrams, maps, and writing), and evaluate information (separate fact from opinion, make informed judgements, propose sensible solutions to problems). These skills are assessed in the Geographical Investigation.

Exam Structure:

1. Written Examination (80%)
2. Geographical Investigation Report (20%)

How will Geography be useful to me?
Geography prepares you for careers in town planning, outdoor pursuit’s education, weather forecasting, tourism and transport, geology.

* Source NCCA website.

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